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The Reality of Race

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The topic of Race is an enormously controversial one, in the modern political world. Many refuse to acknowledge its existence, while others argue that it is the primary determinant in who we are as a people and a nation. Despite this latter opinion being present in various political ideologies, the ability to discuss, in courtesy, mutual respect and civility, the topic of race, is a practically insurmountable task to accomplish. Emotional accusations of racism and white supremacy abound, making territory for constructive discussion impossible regarding this controversial topic. Still, for many centrists, moderates, and others on the Right wing, there is present a hesitancy to address this issue, due to a lack of clear understanding on the topic.

Is race an objective reality, or a politically-conceived ghost? The most efficient method of discussing this topic is through objective empirical observation, and scientific fact. Included in this essay are the simple biological realities of the inflammatory topic of Race.

In terms of physics, the second law of thermodynamics illustrates the tendency of organisms and complete, complex systems to degrade, decay and degenerate over time, in a phenomenon called entropy. In philosophical observations, this process might also be observed in societal tendencies, E.G. the eventual collapse of prominent civilizations, like the fall of Rome and Greece. The inherent, instinctual response to entropy is to develop immunities to environmental susceptibilities, to delay the phenomenon, increase the quality of life, and secure prosperity for future generations. Actions contrary to this endeavor are internally destructive and counter productive to the preservation of organisms(from a biological perspective) and to the protection of societies(from a sociological one).

Extending this scientific observation to a political perspective grants us the ability to objectively observe the inherent detriments of one particular ideology- that of multiculturalism. The integration of a foreign group into a native population, and the subsequent invasion that occurs thereafter, results in the inevitable destruction of the native species.

One example of this is the proliferation of the Snakehead fish within the United States, originally indigenous to numerous countries in Africa and Asia. This monstrous fish deemed the title “Frankenfish” due to both its tendency to grow up to 18 lbs and 3 feet long, as well as its abnormal evolutionary ability to walk on terrestrial landscapes, is now considered an injurious species as it has infested the Potomac river with an estimated 22,000 organisms spanning 120 miles. A crucial detail to note is that the species were originally introduced legally; the introduction of the species into new habitats in the U.S. wasn’t prohibited until the problem had already become prominent, and biologists currently struggle to contain it.

In biology, this is an invasive species.

In history, similar sociological invasions are what caused great empires to fall, like the Roman Empire did to consistent Germanic invasion.

In Liberalism, it’s considered multiculturalism- and if you oppose it, you’re an inherently evil, bigoted racist, in the eyes of the left.

To the liberal, the notion of “equality” is the acceptance of a sociological eutrophication. In biology, this process is defined by an eventual degeneration of a habitat due to the overproduction of organic matter. In terms of society, we could consider this overpopulation, hence the unsustainable reproductive rate of many particularly destitute countries in Africa and the Middle East, like Nigeria and Yemen. The liberal solution? Accept unprecedented quantities of immigrants from uncivilized countries with a lack of basic healthcare, sanitation, and governmental structure, into major civilized and industrialized countries.

The most impoverished and destitute countries are, coincidentally, the ones with the highest reproductive rate.

But what is the result of this liberal “solution”? In biology, such a phenomenon creates large dead zones, incapable of sustaining life. In politics, such hazardous areas are synonymous with “No-Go zones”, or previously civilized areas now destabilized by rambunctious aliens that have driven away residents. The occurrence is now so frequent in areas plagued by immigrants that apps have been designed to warn citizens of areas that are unsafe due to violence and crime. Users receive notifications whenever an occurrence of assault, theft, sexual harassment or “incivility”(Insurrection) occurs.

The development of modern medication, vaccinations, sanitation, healthcare and general civilization are all methods developed to effectively hinder the process of entropy, and has thus differentiated major industrialized countries from destitute countries with a lack of resources. This drastic observation between major industrialized and educated nations, and impoverished, anarchic countries entrapped within destitute conditions, illustrates the difference between citizens of the most probable intellectual aptitude, and others who lack self sufficiency for even the most basic necessities, let alone the societal luxuries of industrialization and education.

The process by which organisms of the same species are geographically separated and thus develop genetic and behavioral differences respective to their habitats, or Allopatric Speciation, is also an explanation for the drastic differences in terms of the cultural, behavioral, and intellectual variations between civilized, industrialized nations and destitute ones. Demographics demonstrating these evident differences are best maintained separately from one another- ironically, this is the literal definition of “diversity”; however, the liberal definition of diversity is entirely different- it is actually the destruction of demographics by forcing them to assimilate under the guise of “multiculturalism”.

These scientific facts are the established foundation for the biological reality of race. Racial realism, or, the belief that homo-sapiens can be classified according to racial demographic, is a controversial, albeit factual, concept. Irrespective of how it may be passionately denied, the distinct differentiation between races may be observed in any objective inquiry into natural processes, through differences in Intelligence Quotient, crime statistics, poverty, lack of modern industrialization, Fertility and mortality rate, et cetera. Equality, from a purely empirical perspective, is not a spontaneous creation of nature; it is a fictitiously fabricated ideal of human consciousness and a perspective of established false societal morality. Man is, for all intents and purposes, a deified-animal: he is a superior creation that has developed over innumerable trials of environmental adaptation and enhancement. He is god-like in his depiction of divine forces being reminiscent of himself; his depiction of the Gods are a macrocosm of what he himself embodies in nature, in relation to other species. Nature has no consideration of the individuals within a species, but emphasizes the preservation of the majority. This truth is inherently difficult to reconcile with the idealistic Constitutional principles upon which our country was established, but it is one that must be discussed and thoroughly understood before it may be cooperative with philosophically idealistic efforts of equal opportunity.

Humans beings, like all biological organisms, are subject to the same laws of nature implicit in the preservation of the most efficient members of a species, that being natural selection; consequently, like every other species, humans experience divergence between racial demographics to increase competition for resources by Allopatric Speciation, or the phenomenon in which species develop genetic differences due to geographical separation. Therefore, irrefutable differences in racial demographics that are native to different continents are present. This is also reinforced through anthropological evidence demonstrating skeletal differences by race. Other factors illustrate the differences between racial demographics as well, including IQ, mortality rate, poverty, industrialization, etc.

East Asians possess the highest statistical IQ average, at 105+, while Africans possess the lowest statistical IQ average at 65 or less.

Other factors, including poverty, industrialization, fertility and mortality rates also illustrate the drastic differences in racial demographic.

We see the phenomenon of natural selection in motion through the frequency of disease and mortality in underdeveloped countries; this is essentially an evolutionary response to contain an imploding population in unsustainable conditions.

However, even in attempted multicultural and integrated societies, some demographics possess a greater disproportionate probability of violence, poverty, drug usage, arrest and mortality. This suggests an internal mechanism that creates a deviation from normal behavior. The unfortunate state of the human condition is evident in our inferiority to the laws of nature. It is, therefore, undeniable that distinct genetic, behavioral, and physiological characteristics allow us to be categorized accordingly. These categorizations, in turn, make perfectly logical arguments for defending the interests of our respective racial groups.

Ultimately, the topic of Race, while inflamed with controversy and emotional sensitivity, can only be constructively discussed within the context of objective fact, free of bias and political rhetoric. It is, scientifically, a reality, and any realistic political ideology need establish itself according to our natural world, in acknowledgement and appreciation of its reality and whole truth.

Stranger Things: Qabick Edition

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Stranger Things: Qabick Edition

Stranger Things: Qabick Edition

Made by James Rich of Qabick Cents Productions

Kaylyn Stallone’s Beautiful Art

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Arcade Fire – Reflektor: Album Recreation

Knuckle Puck – Copacetic: Album Recreation

Self Portrait of Kaylyn Stallone

Kaylyn and her Aunt Anne; Self Portrait

Imagine if… Lennon Lived

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Abbey Road

In the History of Popular Music ( MUSA 266 ) class I am currently taking, this assignment was given to me. The assignment was to compare and contrast the Beatles career to that of the Rolling Stones. I was to pick which style of music I preferred, and which career I liked better and why. I am going to share with you, why I chose the Beatles.

According to Charlton, Katherine. Rock Music Styles: A History. e ed., vol. 7, McGraw-Hill Education, 2015., both the Beatles and the Rolling Stones were inspired by Buddy Holly, but that’s is about where the musical influences end. Where the Beatles look and musical styling were more polished, the Rolling Stones were more rebellious. They were both part of the British Invasion that came to America. The Rolling Stones has a heavy blues and rhythm-and-blues sound ingrained into their foundation, sounding more like “Bo Diddly than Buddy Holly.”

The Rolling Stones have some incredible music I am a fan of. I do enjoy some good anthems occasionally. I am a huge fan of the blues, so you would think I would prefer them over the Beatles, but I do not. The Beatles began their career a lot differently than how they ended it. If they stayed the same clean-cut look and formula to their music, then I would have easily chosen The Rolling Stones. The Rolling Stones ironically enough, became more rigid and stuck to their particular formula in the end, than the Beatles. The Beatles began off with a rather rigid beginning, and eventually broke free into more experimental eras of their career. I am a huge fan of this era of the Beatles. They took a lot of chances. I have a lot of respect for how the Rolling Stones are still going strong today, and who knows? Maybe if Lennon wasn’t shot, they could have continued to perform up until around 2001 when we lost George Harrison to lung cancer. We will never really know, because at that time, Lennon had some issues with Paul McCartney on the direction of the band. Lennon wound up leaving the Beatles to make music his wife, Yoko Ono. Together they had a son named Sean Lennon, who I am a fan of musically today. Maybe they would have worked out their differences and we could have still got more Beatles music as time went on. Sadly, it is just a thought. Even with his life taken too soon, we still have an amazing library of music from them as a group, and their subsequent solo work.

What Mick Jagger and Keith Richard have done to maintain stability over all of these years and keep it together to still sell out stadiums to this day? Is nothing short of incredible. I have the utmost respect for them, and I love their music. I am not trying to diminish any of their work, and how they have influenced so many. I just feel the Beatles did more for music structurally. They were a great band to begin with and sold to a specific group of people. As they grew, they began to expand their consciousness through mind-altering substances which in-turn expanded their own music to new genres and heights of which we didn’t expect. Next, they began to speak out on civil rights issues, as they were extremely anti-war. Then, the “free agent” period of them splitting up and going solo, created even more broad of a spectrum of musical styles.

I have no doubt that if Lennon wasn’t murdered, we could have seen a reunion of these friends and even a later in life album from them. We will never know what this would have sounded like. To take the immortal words of John Lennon himself, “imagine” a world in which he lived. I imagine it would have enveloped even more musical styles which could have ventured into hip-hop and other modern genres. The Beatles broke down barriers in ways that transcend words.

 

By: James Rich

What Makes a Song “Good”?

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What makes a song “good”? There are many variables at play here. Ultimately this answer is subjective, but a truly great song can transcend time and cultures being loved by many. I will now go through a few of the reasons I personally feel make a song stand above the rest.

Most people these days would probably first say, rhythm is the largest key to a good song. While I do agree that rhythm can make you move to a song, not all songs that make you want to dance are good. I personally enjoy a song that has a unique structure to its rhythm. If it changes the beat, or is just slightly off rhythm, then I sometimes find these songs can be more interesting. You tend to pay more attention to the rhythm if it does change-up and is unusual.

Lyrics are probably another giant favorite of most people. While I concede that great poetry or storytelling spoken or sung over a piece of music can add to the experience, I still do not personally believe this is the biggest factor to making a song good.

The biggest elements I find that help define what is a good song, are the combination of dynamics, range, harmony, texture, and the form of the composition. It is somewhere in the mixture of these elements that you find an unquantifiable recipe. Many great classical pieces of music could be broken down to a pure mathematical equation and find patterns that are common. This alone isn’t the source. It is the art of mixing these elements and taking the traditional structure of a song and whirling it together into one pot. If we could truly quantify what is a good song, then a basic computer’s artificial intelligence could produce one easily. Many soundboards, keyboards, samplers, beat machines, etc. can already make simple beats. These simple formulaic mathematical beats of rhythm aren’t yet good music alone. It takes a good producer to take these samples and mix them into what can become a good song.

In conclusion, there will never be a simple answer to this question. It ultimately is subjective to one’s personal preferences. Although, there tends to be consensus with most musicians and fans of music when it comes to certain classics. No one song will be loved by everyone, but various songs can have a much larger following and stand the test of time. Opera and classical music both have long histories, but they still speak to many of our souls today. There is a feeling when a good song takes over you. There is an experience, one that sits with you for a long time. I will end on one such story I personally experienced.

I love most types of music including the aforementioned classical and opera, but let’s go back to my teenage years. I was trying some herbal enhancers for one of the first times. I took it from my dad’s drawer because he was gone. I put on his Led Zeppelin II album on vinyl on to the turntable and listened to this album for the first time ever. The entire album was amazing. With my mind state I was completely zoned into the music listening to every tiny crevice and pocket of sound and silence within. When the song “Moby Dick” came on, I nearly lost my mind. I thought that I was so inebriated that my mind was breaking down the music so hard, that I was the one doing the drum solo in my head. I couldn’t believe this was really happening. The music builds back up and suddenly the rest of the band kicks back in. I finished the album, and immediately put it right back on again. I had to listen to the whole album again. When I got back to “Moby Dick”, I was in utter shock, that what I heard had nothing to do with intoxicant. The song was just the same. My brain wasn’t breaking anything down. The song is so magnificently power and intoxicating, that I was hypnotized. At first listen, I rationalized that it must have been what I smoked. It was not. It possibly increased the intensity of the effect that song had on me, but the credit of that experience goes completely to John Bonham and Led Zeppelin.

M83 Album Recreation

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Original Cover:

Before His Time: How Gonzo Journalism Invaded Our Lives

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We all know the story. August 2005 outside of Aspen, Colorado, Hunter Stockton Thompson’s ashes were fired out of a cannon. This was his funeral, and how he wanted to go out. We all know he took his own life with his gun. Though his suicide and passing are sad, I find his funeral to be more depressing. Johnny Depp, a longtime friend and collaborator, helped to fund this extravagant request, because Thompson died without a lot of capital to his name. This little fact is the most tragic tidbit to this story in my opinion, when considering how influential he still is to our culture. In this column, I plan to address how Hunter S. Thompson and his Gonzo style journalism invaded all types of media. First, I will speak on some of his failures and earlier endeavors; I plan to touch on some of his odd intricacies and quirks; but mostly I plan to focus on the evolution of journalism due to the path he took.

Thompson first wrote a lesser known work titled, Prince Jellyfish, which was never published. His second book, Rum Diary, is one of my favorite pieces of all his work. Rum Diary almost never got published itself. After working on the cult-classic film Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas in 1998, Johnny Depp became good friends with Thompson. Depp in film, was portraying one of Thompson’s alter ego, Raoul Duke. This was the second time Thompson was depicted in film, the first being Bill Murray in Where the Buffalo Roam in 1980. While Depp studied and learned from Thompson, he stumbled upon Rum Diary. Depp helped encourage Thompson to tighten it up, and get it published. Thankfully Depp was successful. The book, and subsequent movie are both amazing. Critics and many fans have their various issues with the movie, as it veers away from the book. This always happens, and as a filmmaker myself, I find this film to be extremely underrated. Within Rum Diary, reveals to us a story about an earlier version of Thompson. Most importantly, it reveals his first attempt at what we now know as Gonzo journalism.

Gonzo journalism, is a term coined by fellow journalist, Bill Cardoso. “Gonzo” is defined by Merriam-Webster as:

  1. of, relating to, or being a style of journalism marked by a lack of objectivity due to the writer’s immersion in the subject and often participation in the activity being documented
  2. outlandishly unconventional, outrageous, or extreme
  3. very strange or unusual: bizarre

The definition alone, paints a vivid picture for you. The two keywords in the definition are, “immersion” and “objectivity.” Thompson grew up in an era of staunch rigid objective journalism. He wanted to break free from the shackles of this narrow type of thinking. He inserted himself into the story. He ditched objectivity altogether and to just call him subjective, narrows the scope of everything he did. In Rum Diary, he wrote a semi-autobiographical tale of his experiences working in Puerto Rico at a newspaper called The San Juan Star. Instead of writing about Hunter, he made an alter ego he named, Paul Kemp. Technically this is only a novel (and later a film.)

This is common technique for many authors. To write stories about their lives and to change the details and names, and suddenly you have fiction. Like myself, Thompson was huge fan of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway. Both men, lived a philosophy about writing. That you have to live life to the fullest and go on adventures. Fall in love and break your heart. Go to war and come back home. It is only after you have lived, can you begin to truly be a writer. There are the George R. R. Martin’s and J. R. R. Tolkien’s of the world. The type that can sit in a basement and write novels for thirty years about a world of fiction they never experienced. It is a brilliant skill, and I am not marginalizing their work. I just have trouble relating to this type of writing. Therefore, I relate to Thompson, because he also feels the same way about Scott and Hemingway that I do. You must spit in the face of adversity and put yourself in harm’s way to achieve what must be done.

While writing this novel, Thompson read The Great Gatsby by Fitzgerald repeatedly. To improve as a writer, he even typed out this novel numerous time on his typewriter. William McKeen in his book Outlaw Journalist, recalls Thompson telling him how much The Great Gatsby influenced Rum Diary. I once wrote an article on how the 1996 novel Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk, is a post-modern remake of The Great Gatsby. Tyler being the titular Gatsby role; the narrator being Nick Carraway; Marla being Daisy. I never even realized how Thompson had done the same thing in Rum Diary. As I learned this fact it all came rushing into my consciousness so clearly. Gonzo journalism has a weird way of putting you into the story. Not only, does the author put himself into the tale, as you read, you feel yourself reeled in. It sometimes takes years and multiple reads before you can see how you were personally affected by this insightful personal take on journalism. Once the objectivity was removed, the lines of reality began to blend. In the film they removed the character Yeomon from the book, and Depp had to play both personalities of the narrator. This mirrors the interpretation that Palahniuk did in Fight Club.

Most people know about Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, the drugs, the guns, and all the debauchery. The original articles, the novel, and the subsequent film are all amazing pieces of work, no doubt. I would rather focus on Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail ’72, as this was Thompson in his absolute Gonzo form. The first time we learn about his politics, and he holds nothing back. Slightly undercover, investigative reporting that might not have been on the level of Woodward and Bernstein (the journalists that brought down the Nixon administration through the Watergate scandal,) but was still special in its own unique right. Hell’s Angels: The Strange and Terrible Saga of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, a title Thompson wrote a few years prior, is another example of great Gonzo journalism. He went so deep that eventually he took a misstep with them and found himself the victim of a brutal assault.

These works have inspired journalists for decades now. You can see its influence in many contemporaries. Countless literary journalists, Steven Colbert and his caricature of himself in The Colbert Report, Jon Stewart with The Daily Show, Sasha Baron Cohen with Borat, Bruno, Ali G, etc. In today’s America with Donald Trump as President, some journalists call for more Gonzo, while others argue we need less of it. I happen to fall into the latter category. It is one thing to be inspired by Thompson or Andy Kaufman, it is another to try to recapture their essence. The aforementioned performance-artist-journalists have their own personal flair to them, that made these shows work, but we already have an abundant level of subjectivity in today’s highly sensitive political climate. Blogs, podcasts, YouTube channels, etc., are all overflowing with millions of people all over the world, imposing their subjectivity into journalistic endeavors.

In a world, with abundant opinions about the minutiae of every single moment, we could stand to bring back some objectivity to the field. There may always be a time and place for gonzo journalism. As a huge fan of Thompson and this style of reporting, I wish we could bring him back because he is the only one who could successfully pull it off in this era. For everyone else? (and I am speaking to myself as well, as I just wrote a highly subjective piece,)  I think we need to tone it down on the satirical, self-referential, meta-subjective reporting, and let us get back to some objectivity.

 

References:

Barnett, David. “Guns, Booze and Drugs – The Life and Death of Hunter S Thompson.” The Independent, 22 Jan. 2018, www.independent.co.uk/news/long_reads/hunter-s-thompson-death-suicide-kill-himself-how-die-gonzo-journalism-warren-hinckle-a8161841.html.

Gilliam, Terry, director. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. 1998.

Hoover, Steven. “Hunter S. Thompson and Gonzo Journalism: a Guide to the Research.” Reference Services Review, vol. 37, no. 3, 2009, www.digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1106&context=lib_articles

Thompson, H. S. (1998). Rum Diary. London: Bloomsbury Paperbacks.

Linson, Art, director. Where the Buffalo Roam. 1980.

Luce, Clayton. “Gonzo Today.” GonzoToday, www.gonzotoday.com/.

Merriam-Webster. “Gonzo.” Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gonzo.

McKeen, William. Outlaw Journalist: The Life and Times of Hunter S. Thompson. Aurum Press, 2014.

Phillips, Mark. “Why Gonzo Journalism Is Not the Answer to Trump.” Medium, 20 Feb. 2017, medium.com/@read_about_it/why-gonzo-journalism-is-not-the-answer-to-trump-22fddbc59145.

Shoard, Catherine. “Johnny Depp Spent $3m Blasting Hunter S Thompson’s Ashes from Cannon, Ex-Managers Claim.” The Guardian, 1 Feb. 2017, www.theguardian.com/film/2017/feb/01/johnny-depp-spent-3m-blasting-hunter-s-thompson-ashes-from-cannon-ex-managers-claim.

Undead Music Company. “Johnny Depp Reads Hunter S. Thompson Pt.1.” YouTube, 3 Dec. 1996, www.youtube.com/watch?v=1jUxjhSSOnY.

Wood, Jennifer M. “8 Gonzo Facts About Hunter S. Thompson.” Mental Floss, 18 July 2017, www.mentalfloss.com/article/502805/8-gonzo-facts-about-hunter-s-thompson.

 

7 Tips for Motivation

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Have trouble finding motivation for the gym.  Sometimes it’s hard to get motivated to hit the gym.  We work, go to school, have families and many other distractions that pull us away from our fitness goals. Here are 7 helpful tips to get you over your hump.

  1. Work out with friends: Find a workout buddy! We are far less likely to skip the gym if you’ve made a commitment to a friend. Working out is much more fun with a friend.  You can motivate each other and even have a friendly competition!
  2. Change your routine: If you have been doing the same workout routine when you go to the gym, you’re probably bored. Or your progress has slowed and you’re losing motivation.  A simple solution is to try something different.  Your muscles have memory so a workout routine will have reduced gains over time.  Changing your routine ever 6 – 8 weeks prevents plateaus and it keeps the workout interesting.
  3. Make a new music playlist: Having music to get your pumped is a great idea. If you’re finding you dread the gym, make a new workout playlist with all the songs that really get you pumped!
  4. Set up a SMART goal: SMART is an acronym for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time Bound.  For example, a goal of “losing weight” is good, but it needs more.  How much weight?  How are you going to measure it? Is this a possible goal? Is this a relevant goal?  How much time are you giving yourself?  Rather than say “I want to lose weight,” you might say, “I want to lose 5 pounds of fat by the end of the month.”
  5. Find a good app: There are numerous fitness apps. Most of these apps have similar features including tracking exercise, water intake and calorie intake.  Many of the apps are free.  Additionally, most of these apps connect to your social media accounts so you can share your progress with friends for even more motivation and support.
  6. Make a Non-Negotiable Scheduled Workout: Why do you go to work, pay your bills, and call your best friend? Because these things are priorities. You have to make your workout a priority. Set up a workout schedule for yourself. You could take this a step further and build in a reward system for completing workouts.
  7. Reward yourself: Your progress is a reward by itself. However, the journey to a fit body can take time and we may need a little push.  Remember those goals from a few lines up?  It’s important to reward yourself when you achieve those goals.  My personal favorite is new workout gear.  I get myself something cute and I can’t wait to wear it to the gym.

Finding and keeping motivated is hard, but these 7 tips can help you simplify it.  Good luck in your goals!

The Alchemical Process of the Crow: Part One

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“The Black bird singing in the dead of the night” “The alchemical process of the crow.” Part one… The Crow my son, that which is born of the crow is the beginning of Art.” ~ Hermes.

Black birds like the Crow or the Raven seem to capture our imaginations, for these intriguing iconic birds seem to have imprinted on the collective unconscious psyche of nearly all people of the world, in so many ways. As their seen to be brash, inquisitive, mysterious, evasive, birds, cloaked in their dark plumage of secrecy, magick, mystery and wisdom, they are cunning, curious, playful and show remarkable examples of intelligence. Often considered as an omen of bad tidings and death, seen to be symbol of evil in some cultures and traditions, but in other traditions they’re represented as messengers from the Divine. In fact in many cultures there associated with being messengers between the worlds of the living and the dead and possessing knowledge of ancient magic, divination, sacred law particularly with shamans, witches and sorcerers, It’s believed that crows hold ancient memories, and knowledge of the secrets of the universe, our creation and perhaps the future ?. The historical mythologies of these birds, shows how they have etched themselves in to the collective unconscious minds of mankind.

The symbolism of blackbirds across many different cultures and mythologies have very similar meanings and archetypes that contribute to many pieces of information, that posses the data that could help to explain the ontological unity and divide of this collective archetypal phenomena that occurs within our beings. Anthropological studies show how these blackbirds have spread their wings in the subconscious minds of many cultures. Seen to be messengers in Japanese, Chinese and Indian cultures, In ancient Babylon, the crow was seen as a Death symbol, as they watched the gate to the underworld also associated with the 13th month of the Babylonian calendar that was seen as an auspicious month.

In Greek mythology theirs a few stories about the “Crow or Raven” The greek word for crow, Corone, Coronis, koronis, Κορωνίςa, Was said to have been derived from the princess of Phokis, who was the daughter of king Coroneus. She was said to have mesmerizing beauty. One day she was walking on the shore and the Sea God Poseidon – Neptune, seen her and fell crazy in love and In his trying to woo and seduce her, she fled in fear and in the pursuit, she cried out pleading for help to the Goddess Athena, hearing her cries the Goddess transformed her into a crow. Also the stories of the God Apollo, who had important relationships with crows. The daughter of Phlegyas, King of the Lapiths, Coronis, was said to be Apollo’s mistress, pregnant with his son, Apollo asked the White crow to watch over the princess Coronis and to keep her from having affairs, the crow failed and according to Ovide, Apollo got angry at the Crow and turned its feathers from white to black to punish him for bringing the bad news. It’s said Apollo even took the form of the crow to guide Santorin’s people to Cyrena. He also placed the Crow – Corvus in the constellations, in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere. One of 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, it depicts the crow perched on the back of the water snake Hydra. This constellation was also sacred to the Babylonian God of rain and storms, Adad. Theirs the Crow and the Pitcher, one of Aesop’s Fables, Also a raven that stood near the Pythie of Delphes during her predictions and its said that two crows showed Alexander the Great, the road to Amon’s sanctuary.

In many cultures they’re seen as guides and protectors, In the Mithraic cult, it was said that crows could fight off evil spells, Mithras, who was said to be a powerful Genii – ford of the sun, known for his sincerity, justice and trustworthiness, an original soul Was seen accompanied by a crow, it’s said he was sent a crow by Ahura Mazda or Ormuzd, who was the Spirit of Good and Truth, Who Entrusted the Crow as a messenger to tell Mithras that it was his duty to track down and kill the bull. This Is Seen in many monuments, artefacts and sculptures to Mithra.

In Australian Aborigine mythology, the Crow is seen as a trickster, culture hero and ancestral being, similar to the Native American Tribes who often seen the crow or raven as a bit of a shithead trickster. A confident mischievous bird with character and the keeper of secrets. There are a number of tales regarding the mischief of the Raven, who was also seen as a symbol of Transformation. In the legends of various tribes, like The Menominee, The Caddo, The Tlingit, and the Pueblo tribes of New Mexico. Seen the crow as a divine character who organises the world, gives civilization and culture, who stole the sun from the sky’s master, to give it to the earth’s people. Seen as a personification of the Supreme Being, who also carried the souls of the dead to the other side, for they’re seen as an intermediary between life and death. Crows where also used as clan animals in some Native American cultures because of their uncanny intelligence which the Native Americans recognized and respected. Tribal clans with the Crow include the Chippewa, whose Crow Clan and its totem are called Aandeg and the Hopi whose Crow Clan is called Angwusngyam or Ungwish-wungwa.

In Old Norse mythology, Odin had two Ravens to serve as his eyes and ears called “Huginn-Hoo’gin – Thought” and “Muninn-Moo’nin – memory-mind” it’s said these pair of ravens fly all over the world and bring information to Odin, this is why he is referred to as the ‘raven-god’. The story goes that, Two ravens sit on his shoulders and whisper all the news which they see and hear into his ear; they are called Huginn and Muninn. He sends them out in the morning to fly around the world, and by breakfast they are back again. Thus, he found out many great things.

Theirs many Druidic, Celtic legends of crows and ravens, like the three “birds of Rhiannon” A moon goddess whom it was said to appear accompanied with her triad of magical blackbirds, and that their song could put its listeners into a trance state, ‘by lulling the living to sleep’ which was said to enable them too travel to the other worlds, well as raising the dead with their song. Also there is the goddess of war known as The Mór-ríoghain, comes with a triad of birds called the three, primarily associated with fate, doom and death in battle, she’s often said to appear in the form of a raven to observe the battlefields like the Valkyries and the Badb, seen accompanied by a trio of crows. Waiting to consume the flesh of the dead in battle they’re wailing, cries and cawing leading to comparisons with the ‘Banshee’. Interestingly the Druids believed that in the crows cawing, there was a hidden language and if understood it could help decode old mysteries and higher wisdom and help reveal many hidden, unknown secrets, perhaps even future events. Also believing if you could teach these birds to talk they would make good familiars, with their gifts of flight, intelligence and ability to spy, they could revel unknown insights in to nature and hidden secrets. Interestingly scientists and Ornithologists today say the cawing of the crow isn’t just noise and squawks, but is the fact that these birds are communicating verbally and talking to one another, and doing so in a very advanced fashion. with some researchers also acknowledging that crows have regional dialects, A difficult thing to have without a language, leaving Ornithologists and Scientists debating whether or not crows actually do have what we call language and there for culture.

The crow was also linked to Brân the Blessed, Bendigeidfran or Brân Fendigaidd, meaning “Blessed Crow” it’s said Bran was the son of sea God, a semi-humanized giant, residing at Castell Dinas Bran, the later home of the later Kings of Powys in Wales. The legend goes, after a great battle with the Brytons and Irish king Matholwch, for mistreating of Brâns sister the Brythonic princess Branwen. He went to war with the Irish king and was shot with a poison dart, he asked for his men to cut his head off and it to be buried at the ‘white tower’ said to be where the Tower of London is now situated. The story goes as long as his head remained there, Britain would be safe from invasion. Many years later, it’s said King Arthur who had transformed into a Crow in some tales and would transform and return one day, dug up the head of Brân declaring the country would only be protected by himself. Because of this tale, and a few others there has been many links with Brân in the Arthurian legends and to the still-current practice of keeping ravens at the Tower of London, under the care of the Ravenmaster – Yeomen Warder. The Ravens at the Tower of London today are captive ravens which live at the Tower, there said to be Six in number for their presence is believed to protect the Crown, tower and the nation. Myth and superstition holds that if the Towers ravens are lost or fly away, the Crown will fall and Britain with it. Brân was also associated with sailors and said to be the watcher or patron saint type thing of sailors, superstition says this is why crows were kept on boats as they could be released at sea and they would find or fly to direction of land.

The same idea is seen in the Bible after the flood, Noah released first a raven in Genesis 8:7 To find land: “And he sent forth the raven, and it went out, back and forth until the waters dried up off the earth.” Also Elijah was fed by Ravens: I Kings. 17.3.4.6. “Go from here and you shall turn eastward and hide in the brook of Cherith, which is before the Jordan. And it shall be from the brook you shall drink and I have commanded the ravens to feed you there. And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning and bread and meat in the evening, and from the brook did he drink.” Theirs also a Talmudic Midrash states that the raven, is credited with teaching mankind how to bury the dead after Cain slew Abel: “Adam and Eve were sitting there, weeping and mourning, a raven came and buried a bird in the sand. Thereupon Adam said, “Let us do the same” and he dug up the earth and buried his son.”

So we see these mysterious Blackbirds have spread their wings through most, if not all cultures and imprinted their selves in to the Collective unconscious mind and psyche of mankind, with their colour, mystery and brazen manor. That has bound all of us together through our myths, folklores, traditions, fairytales, superstitions and history, that which has been handed down to us from generation to generation, preserved in our oral traditions, folklores and myths.

For we see that Blackbirds have similar meanings and archetypes in the collective cultural psyche, known as that layer of unconsciousness in which, all people on this planet share, Its like ? An inherited unconscious frequency we are all tuned in to, a world-wide web of mind or Psychic Mitochondrial DNA, that links us not only to each other today, but also to our ancestors, this deep connection ties all of us together and could help explain why the same images, symbols, and archetypes, are so important in many different cultures, revealing an important window into human nature that offers us great insights and understanding into our own being, and the distinguishing characteristics that make us, Us. For no matter where we are located or where we are born on this planet, or race, or religion, we all share lots of the same cultural characteristics and the same collective archetypes there in, that show a unity within us as all as a species.

Paul Francis Young.

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